The Liberal government in Ottawa, led by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, took the country to the negotiating table over the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gas emissions in 2015.
At the time, Canada was a global leader on environmental stewardship, a position that put it ahead of the United States, which had joined the accord.
The Conservatives, who had governed the country since 1997, quickly made their stance clear, rejecting the Kyoto plan as “a farce” and threatening to leave the accord if Canada failed to meet its international obligations.
But even as Trudeau’s Liberals tried to push Canada toward the Kyoto accord, they faced a backlash from the provinces and aboriginal peoples, who saw the pact as a threat to their traditional territories and cultures.
As climate change continued to be a hot topic in Canada, it became clear that the Conservatives had not taken the climate crisis seriously enough.
It became clear to many Canadians that the Harper government had failed to deliver on its promises on climate change, according to a recent poll.
They began to question whether they had really cared about the environment.
Now, with a minority government in place and a new government in office, Canada is on track to reach the Paris Agreement in time for the next global climate conference in 2020.
With files from the Associated Press.